The iliotibial (IT) Band is also referred to as the Maissiat’s band or iliotibial tract. It is a connective tissue that is present outside the leg connecting the shinbone, knee, and hip. The primary job of this tissue is to help the hip rotate, abduct, and extend. It can also be useful in assisting the knee side stabilise as well as move to protect the outer thigh.
The IT Band Syndrome is referred to as the common lateral knee injury. Due to overextension, repetitive flexion and over, the knee suffers from this injury. The syndrome is prominent when the IT band is inflamed, irritated, or tight. The tightness could result in friction while bending the knee. It can also be quite painful. Therefore, people sometimes refer to it as hip pain.
Causes of IT Band Syndrome
When there is excessive friction in the IT Band because of getting rubbed against the bone, IT Band Syndrome is commonly noticed. Repetitive movements are the primary cause of this condition, occurring primarily because of overuse. It could result in pain, irritation, and friction whenever exerting the knee. For some people, the causes aren’t obvious.
Runners and cyclists have to deal with this condition more often than others. It could also be a result of walking up and down the stairs repeatedly. Other reasons include sitting with bent knees for long hours or wearing high heels.
Some of the risk factors of IT Band Syndrome include:
People Who Suffer From IT Band Syndrome
The condition can affect any person. It is quite common is hikers, cyclists, and runners. Athletes who have to use their knees a lot such as weightlifters, soccer players, ad basketball players, are also prone to developing this condition.
Usually, individuals who are younger or exercise regularly have to deal with this condition. It often occurs when there are mistakes in the training.
Some of the training mistakes are:
Treatment of IT Band Syndrome
There is a range of treatments that help in managing the condition. A sports injury specialist is hired to rectify the condition. Some of the conservative treatments include:
When the condition is very severe, surgery or corticosteroid injections are preferred. Starting with conservative treatments and being consistent with them is highly recommended.